Iran too by having a production capacity of more than 475 thousand tons of aluminum has embarked on producing this important and strategic metal but inattention to the following issues has faced aluminum industry in Iran with certain challenges:
Provision of stable and inexpensive energy
Lack of enough attention to the issue of sustainable electricity supply is another challenge facing the industry. This means that aluminum producing units should have power plants for providing sustainable electricity beside aluminum production lines.
On this basis, inattention to sustainable power supply through exclusive power plants as an inseparable part of aluminum production units in the past years has caused problems for the industry.
Energy can be referred to as the raw material and feed and is not solely considered the energy carrier and an element for consumption. The most modern technology now in the world is the Pechiney technology of France in which the amount of consumed electricity for production of one kg of aluminum is about 11 kw/h which is 4 kw/h lower than the average electricity consumed for the production of one kg of aluminum in the world.
According to the report, this amount of power consumption for the production of one kg of aluminum factories in Iran’s plant is about 16 kw/h which has an energy waste of 2 kw/h as compared to the global average and in 5 kw/h in comparison with the most advanced technologies in the world (for the production of one kg of aluminum).
Therefore, establishment of aluminum factories by using new technology and supplying electricity from gas seems imperative.
Inattention to completion of supply chain inside the country
Bauxite is considered the main material for aluminum production. Given that Jajarm is the only unit for production of alumina powder with a capacity of 200 thousand tons per year, it is not sufficient to meet demands of the industry and therefore provision of this important material through participation in the extraction of bauxite reserves of other countries owning such deposit is vital for the development of aluminum production capacity.
Considering that the operation permit for 600 million tons of bauxite reserves in Guinea has been granted to Iran it has put our country in a highly proper and competitive position in the world for production of this metal at regional and global level. The required investment for processing bauxite and transferring it into alumina powder will create a vital leap towards development of this industry.
Meanwhile, conclusion of long-term contracts with an aim of meeting alumina demands required in this industry can be a viable solution in the medium-term.
However, using oil wastes for the production of coke needed for manufacture of carbon anodes through establishment of relevant factories, construction of plants for production of carbolite and aluminum fluoride will lead to the completion of the supply chain and create an advantage in aluminum production industry.